Matthew 1:13

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and Zerubbabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; (ASV)

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Edit this section if you suspect error.


JW: According to the Jewish Bible, 19:

"And the sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel, and Shimei. And the sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam, and Hananiah; and Shelomith was their sister; and Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-hesed, five."

Abiud was not one of the eight children of Zerubbabel.

The Greek 1:13:

"????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ????"

"??????" (Abiud), fifth Greek word from the left.

The Greek 19:

"??? ???? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? 20 ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????"

Don't see it. An apologist defense here again is that "Matthew" intentionally skipped a generation so Abiud was a descendant of Zerubbabel and not an immediate son. Let's take a closer look at the Greek:

NESTLE-ALAND GREEK NEW TESTAMENT 27TH EDITION with GRAMCORD™ Greek New Testament Alpha Morphological Database and the McReynolds English Interlinear Former Editions edited by Kurt Aland, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren Fourth Revised Edition edited by Barbara Aland, Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger in cooperation with the Institute for New Testament Textual Research, Münster/Westphalia DEUTSCHE BIBELGESELLSCHAFT UNITED BIBLE SOCIETIES Aland, B., Aland, K., Black, M., Martini, C. M., Metzger, B. M., & Wikgren, A. 1993, c1979. The Greek New Testament (4th ed.). United Bible Societies: Federal Republic of Germany

"13 ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????, ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????, ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ????,"

"?????????" (begat). Now a search of the use of this word in the Christian Bible:

"Search Results {el}"??????"{/} 46 Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 27th Ed., With GRAMCORD(TM) Greek New Testament Alpha Morphological Database and McReynolds English Interlinear (97 occurrences in 30 articles)

Chapter 1A (41) [Matthew 1:2] 1 

???? ????? ???? ??????. 2 ?????? ????????? ??? ?????, ????? ?? ?????????

Chapter 2A (2) [Matthew 2:1] 2 

2 ??? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???

Chapter 19 [Matthew 19:12] 3 

???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????, ??? ????? ???????? ???????

Chapter 26 [Matthew 26:24] 4 

???????????· ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ???????. 25 ??????????

Chapter 14 [Mark 14:21] 5 

???????? ???????????· ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ???????. 22 ??? ?????????

Chapter 1A (3) [Luke 1:13] 6 

?????? ???, ??? ? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????

Chapter 23 [Luke 23:29] 7 

?? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. 30 ????

Chapter 1 [John 1:13] 8 

?? ????????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???????????. 14 ??? ? ????? ???? ??????? ???

Chapter 3A (8) [John 3:3] 9 

???? ???? ???? ???, ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????, ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????????

Chapter 8 [John 8:41] 10 

???] ????, ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????????· ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????. 42

Chapter 9A (5) [John 9:2] 11 

? ?? ?????? ?????, ??? ?????? ???????; 3 ???????? ??????, ???? ????? ???????

Chapter 16A (2) [John 16:21] 12 

??? ????? ? ??? ?????· ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????, ?????? ?????????? ???

Chapter 18 [John 18:37] 13 

??? ???????? ????. ??? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????

Chapter 2 [Acts 2:8] 14 

?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ? ???????????; 9 ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????????

Chapter 7A (3) [Acts 7:8] 15 

???? ???????? ?????????· ??? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????

Chapter 13 [Acts 13:33] 16 

, ???? ??? ?? ??, ??? ??????? ????????? ??. 34 ??? ?? ????????? ????? ??

Chapter 22A (2) [Acts 22:3] 17 

?????, 3 ??? ???? ???? ????????, ???????????? ?? ????? ??? ????????, ??????????????

Chapter 9 [Romans 9:11] 18 

????? ??? ?????? ????· 11 ???? ??? ??????????? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ? ??????

Chapter 4 [1 Corinthians 4:15] 19 

????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????. 16 ???????? ??? ????, ??????? ???

Chapter 4A (3) [Galatians 4:23] 20 

? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ??????????, ? ?? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????

Chapter 2 [2 Timothy 2:23] 21 

??????????? ???????? ????????, ????? ??? ???????? ?????· 24 ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? [Philemon 10] 22 ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????, ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???????, ????????, 11 ???

Chapter 1 [Hebrews 1:5] 23 

, ???? ??? ?? ??, ??? ??????? ????????? ??; ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ????

Chapter 5 [Hebrews 5:5] 24 

, ???? ??? ?? ??, ??? ??????? ????????? ??· 6 ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????,

Chapter 11A (2) [Hebrews 11:12] 25 

??????????????. 12 ??? ??? ??? ???? ???????????, ??? ????? ????????????, ????? ??

Chapter 2 [2 Peter 2:12] 26 

??????. 12 ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??

Chapter 2 [1 John 2:29] 27 

? ????? ??? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????????.

Chapter 3A (2) [1 John 3:9] 28 

???? ?? ???? ??? ????????. 9 ??? ? ???????????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ?????

Chapter 4 [1 John 4:7] 29 

?????, ??? ??? ? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????. 8 ? ?? ??????

Chapter 5A (6) [1 John 5:1] 30 

?????? ????? ? ???????, ?? ??? ???? ??????????, ??? ??? ? ?????? ??? ??????????"


JW: Note that the root word "??????" (begat/gave birth to) is a relatively common word in the Christian Bible with 97 uses above. An examination of the above references indicate that "??????" is most often used to describe an immediate physical birth. It is sometimes used in a figurative sense to describe a metaphysical relationship. It is never used in the Christian Bible to describe a physical birth that skips a generation/generations.

Now let's take a look at what the Early Church Fathers (you know, the guys that Christianity relies on to tell them what is the Christian Bible in the first place) had to say or didn't have to say about the possibility of "Matthew's" genealogy containing any Type of omission, unintentional or intentional:

http://ccel.org/fathers2/ANF-03/anf03-39.htm#P9609_2636820

"There is, first of all, Matthew, that most faithful chronicler305 of the Gospel, because the companion of the Lord; for no other reason in the world than to show us clearly the fleshly original306 of Christ, he thus begins his Gospel: "The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham."307 With a nature issuing from such fountal sources, and an order gradually descending to the birth of Christ, what else have we here described than the very flesh of Abraham and of David conveying itself down, step after step, to the very virgin, and at last introducing Christ,-nay, producing Christ Himself of the virgin?"

Note Tertullian's "what else have we here described than the very flesh of Abraham and of David conveying itself down, step after step, to the very virgin" implying his understanding was a complete genealogy.

http://ccel.org/fathers2/ANF-06/anf06-48.htm

"I.-The Epistle to Aristides. I. [Africanus ON The Genealogy IN The Holy Gospels.]1 -Some indeed incorrectly allege that this discrepant enumeration and mixing of the names both of priestly men, as they think, and royal, was made properly,2 in order that Christ might be shown rightfully to be both Priest and King; as if any one disbelieved this, or had any other hope than this, that Christ is the High Priest of His Father, who presents our prayers to Him, and a supramundane King, who rules by the Spirit those whom He has delivered, a cooperator in the government of all things. And this is announced to us not by the catalogue of the tribes, nor by the mixing of the registered generations, but by the patriarchs and prophets. Let us not therefore descend to such religious trifling as to establish the kingship and priesthood of Christ by the interchanges of the names. For the priestly tribe of Levi, too, was allied with the kingly tribe of Juda, through the circumstance that Aaron married Elizabeth the l sister of Naasson,3 and that Eleazar again married the daughter of Phatiel,4 and begat children. The evangelists, therefore, would thus have spoken falsely, affirming what was not truth, but a fictitious commendation. And for this reason the one traced the pedigree of Jacob the father of Joseph from David through Solomon; the other traced that of Heli also, though in a different way, the father of Joseph, from Nathan the son of David. And they ought not indeed to have been ignorant that both orders of the ancestors enumerated are the generation of David, the royal tribe of Juda.5 For if Nathan was a prophet, so also was Solomon, and so too the father of both of them; and there were prophets belonging to many of the tribes, but priests belonging to none of the tribes, save the Levites only. To no purpose, then, is this fabrication of theirs. Nor shall an assertion of this kind prevail in the Church of Christ against the exact truth, so as that a lie should be contrived for the praise and glory of Christ. For who does not know that most holy word of the apostle also, who, when he was preaching and proclaiming the resurrection of our Saviour, and confidently affirming the truth, said with great fear, "If any say that Christ is not risen, and we assert and have believed this, and both hope for and preach that very thing, we are false witnesses of God, in alleging that He raised up Christ, whom He raised not up? "6 And if he who glorifies God the Father is thus afraid lest he should seem a false witness in narrating a marvellous fact, how should not he be justly afraid, who tries to establish the truth by a false statement, preparing an untrue opinion? For if the generations are different, and trace down no genuine seed to Joseph, and if all has been stated only with the view of establishing the position of Him who was to be born-to confirm the truth, namely, that He who was to be would be king and priest, there being at the same tune no proof given, but the dignity of the words being brought down to a feeble hymn,-it is evident that no praise accrues to God from that, since it is a falsehood, but rather judgment returns on him who asserts it, because he vaunts an unreality as though it were reality. Therefore, that we may expose the ignorance also of him who speaks thus, and prevent any one from stumbling at this folly, I shall set forth the true history of these matters.]"


JW: Note that Africanus in trying to reconcile the genealogies of "Matthew" and "Luke" and clearly willing to accept as truth whatever explanation supports both genealogies as being true, never mentions "omissions" either as his explanation or anyone else's.

As far as I know no known Early Church Father considered "omissions" a possible defense against claimed error here.


http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1602204.htm

"The Harmony of the Gospels BY ST. AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO

CHAP. IV.--OF THE REASON WHY FORTY GENERATIONS (NOT INCLUDING CHRIST HIMSELF) ARE FOUND IN MATTHEW, ALTHOUGH HE DIVIDES THEM INTO THREE SUCCESSIONS OF FOURTEEN EACH."

JW: Fast forwarding to the famous Apologist Augustine I think it's clear that he considered "Matthew's" generations complete and also never mentions the possibility of omissions. It would appear then that any supposed defense here of intended omissions is a modern invention and not supported by any "Church Tradition".

The definition of ?????? from BDAG:

"?????? fut. ???????; 1 aor. ????????; pf. ?????????. Pass.: fut. pl. ???????????? Sir 41:9; 1 aor. ?????????; pf. ?????????? (Pind., Hdt.+).—See ARahlfs, Genesis 1926, 39. Gener., to cause someth. to come into existence, primarily through procreation or parturition. ? become the parent of, beget ? by procreation (oft. LXX, fr. Gen 4:18 on) Mt 1:2–20 (cp. Diod. S. 4, 67, 2–68, 6, the genealogy of the Aeolians: 67, 4 ???? ????????? ?????? ?. ???????; 67, 7 ?????????? ???????? ????????; 68:1 ????????? ???????? ???????? … ????; 68, 3 ???????? ???????? ?????? ?. ?????; 68, 6 ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????. Interchanged with ???????? are ????????, ?? ????, ?????? ????????, etc.; cp. PMich 155, 7. The continuity is not formalized to the degree in Mt, but in Diod. S. 4, 69, 1–3 ???????? is repeated six times in a short space, and 4, 75, 4f ???????? occurs four times with the names of fathers and sons; Did., Gen. 144, 27); Ac 7:8, 29. ?? w. gen. of the mother (Hdt. 1, 108, 2; Diod. S. 4, 2, 1; 4, 62, 1; Palaeph. 44; PLond V, 1730, 10 ?? ?? ????? ??????????? ????; Tob 1:9; 2 Esdr 10:44; Demetr.: 722 Fgm. 2, 2 Jac.; TestJob 1:6; Jos, Ant. 12, 189) Mt 1:3, 5f.—Pass. be fathered (Orig., C. Cels. 8, 66, 23) ?? ??? ????????? ???? ????? w. the slave-woman, according to the flesh (i.e. in line with human devising; opp. ??? ??????????) Gal 4:23. ? ???? ????? ????????? he that was fathered by human design, opp. ? ???? ?????? he that was fathered by the Spirit’s design, i.e. in keeping with the divine promise, vs. 23) vs. 29. ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????????? ????? that which is conceived in her is of the Spirit Mt 1:20 (?? ???????? of that which is yet unborn: Diod. S. 17, 77, 3). Here the male principle is introduced by ?? (Lucian, Dial. Deor. 20, 14 ?? ?????? ???????????; Phlegon: 257 Fgm. 36, 2, 4 Jac.; Ps-Callisth. 1, 30, 3 ?? ??????? ????????; TestSim 2:2) as J 1:13 (??????. P75et al.); but in 3:6 the imagery is complex, involving a maternal aspect in vs. 4. W. ??? (En 15:8 ?? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??? ?. ????????? ?. ??????) ??? ???? ??????????? they were fathered by one man Hb 11:12 (numerous edd. ??????????). ?? ???????? ?? ??????????? (v.l.  ???????????) J 8:41 (cp. StudPal XX, 4, 30 ?? ??????? ????? ???????????). ?? ????????? ?? ????????? ???? you’re a born sinner, totally! 9:34.—Lk 1:35 (where mng. 2 is also prob. [as in ?? ?????????? Philo, Plant. 15]. S. AFridrichsen, SymbOsl 6, 1928, 33–36; HAlmqvist, Plut. u. d. NT ’46, 60f). ? by exercising the role of a parental figure, ext. of 1a (Philo, Leg. ad Gai. 58 ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????), of a teacher on pupils ?? ?. ?. ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ???????? I became your father as Christians through the gospel 1 Cor 4:15; Phlm 10 (s. Ltzm. and JWeiss on 1 Cor 4:15; ADieterich, Mithraslit. 1903, 146ff).—Pass. ?? (???) ???? ????????? J 1:13 (on the rdg. of the Lat. ms. b, s. JPryor, NovT 27, ’85, 296–318); 1J 2:29; 3:9; 4:7; 5:1, 4, 18. On ????????? ?? ?????? ?. ????????? J 3:5 cp. 1QS 4:20–22 and s. YYadin, JBL 74, ’55, 40–43. Also ?????? ?. J 3:3, 7. ??? ? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????? everyone who loves the father (=God) loves the child (=Christ or one’s fellow Christian) 1J 5:1 (on ????????? ?? ???? s. Hdb. on J 3:3 and 1J 3:9 and the sources and lit. listed there; s. also ????????????). Cp. ??????? ????????? ?? (Ps 2:7) 1 Cl 36:4; GEb 18, 37; Ac 13:33 (held by some to have been the orig. rdg. Lk 3:22 v.l.; s. JHillmann, Die Kindheitsgesch. Jesu nach Lucas: Jahrbücher f. Protestantische Theologie 17/2, 1891, 192–261; HUsener, D. Weihnachtsfest2 1911, 38ff); Hb 1:5; 5:5. ? to give birth to, bear (Aeschyl., Suppl. 48; X., De Rep. Lac. 1, 3; Lucian, Sacrif. 6; Plut., Mor., 3c; Ps.-Callisth. 1, 9, 2 ?? ???? ????????? ?????=a woman who has borne a child to a god; BGU 132 II, 5; Judg 11:1 B; Is 66:9; 4 Macc 10:2) Lk 1:13, 57; 23:29; J 16:21 w. ???????; AcPl Ha 8, 28 ??? ???????? ??????? who bears children for slavery Gal 4:24. Pass. be born (?? ???????? Did., Gen. 96, 13) ???????? ?????? Ac 7:20; cp. Hb 11:23. ???????????? ?? ????? Ac 22:3; ???? … ??????????? Ro 9:11; ???? ???? ?????????? before we were born 1 Cl 38:3. ??? ??? ?????? come into the world J 16:21; Mt 2:1, 4; 19:12; 26:24 (=1 Cl 46:8); Mk 14:21 (cp. En 38:2); Lk 1:35 (1a is also prob.; a v.l. adds ?? ???, which can be rendered ‘the child to whom you give birth’). ?? ?????? ???????? AcPlCor 1:14; 2:5 (cp. Mt 1:16); J 3:4; 9:2, 19f, 32; IEph 18:2; ITr 11:2; ?????? ?. be in fact born (in opp. to Docetism) 9:1. ??????????? (v.l. ??????????) ??? ?????? 2 Pt 2:12. ??? ????? for this purpose J 18:37. ????????? ?? ? ??????????? the language in which we were born i.e., which we have spoken fr. infancy Ac 2:8. ??? ?? ??? ?????????? but I was actually born a Roman citizen 22:28. ????? ???????? ???????? born a king GJs 20:4 codd. ????????? ??? ???????? Lk 20:34 v.l. ? to cause someth. to happen, bring forth, produce, cause, fig. of various kinds of production (Pla. et al.; Polyb. 1, 67, 2 ?????? ????????; Philo, De Jos. 254; Jos., Ant. 6, 144) 2 Ti 2:23.—?. ?????? produce fruit (Philo, Op. M. 113) ITr 11:1. Forged writing ???????????? for ??????????? GJs 24:3.—B. 280. DELG s.v. ???????? p. 222. M-M. TW."

Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. 2000. A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature. "Based on Walter Bauer's Griechisch-deutsches Wr?terbuch zu den Schriften des Neuen Testaments und der frhüchristlichen [sic] Literatur, sixth edition, ed. Kurt Aland and Barbara Aland, with Viktor Reichmann and on previous English editions by W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker." (3rd ed.) . University of Chicago Press: Chicago


JW: Note that the priMary definition from BDAG is immediate parent procreation and this is how BDAG has classified Matthew 1.2-20. I don't believe there is a single example above of ?????? being used with "telescoping" (deliberate omissions) of generations.

The definition of ?????? from LSJ:

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/morphindex?lang=greek&lookup=e%29ge%2Fnnhsen&bytepos=9708&wordcount=1&embed=2&doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0155

????-?? , fut. Med. ?????????? in pass. sense, D.S.19.2 (but

     A. -???????? Id.4.9 ): ( [?????] ):--causal of ???????? (cf. ????????), mostly of the father,
beget, ? ???????? ????? S.El. 1412 ; ?? ??????????? ?? your parents, X.Mem. 2.1.27; ?? ?????????? ??
????? Hdt.1.108 , etc.; ???? ???????????? sprung, Pi.P.5.74; of the mother, bring forth, bear, 

A.Supp.48, Arist.GA716a22, X. Lac.1.3, etc.:--Med., produce from oneself, create, Pl. Ti.34b, Mx. 238a.

                 2. produce, grow, get, ??? ????? ??????? ???? S.Aj.1077 . 
                 3. metaph., engender, produce, ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? Democr.196 ; 

???????? ?????? Pl.Smp.209e ; ?????????? ?? ??? ????? Id.R.496a , etc.; ???????? ??? ??????? [?? ?????????] call it into existence, Arist.Cael.283b31; ? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ib.305a16, cf. Plot.6.6.9; of numbers, produce a total, Ph. 1.347.


JW: Again,priMary definition of immediate parent procreation

Note that "Matthew" himself distinguishes between "son of" which can mean skipped generations and "begat" which means immediate generation:

1:1-2 (RSV) "The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,"

Note that "father of" above is the word in question here "?????????".

And now, the son of Zerubbabel according to Ste. "Luke": (3:27 ASV)

"Rhesa, the [son] of Zerubbabel,"

Not Abiud. The Greek of "Luke":

"??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? 28  ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??"

"????" is "Rhesa", 4th word from the left. Looking at the Greek of 1 Chronicles 3:19 above, "????" is not one of the eight children of Zerubbabel. What's interesting here is a possible source for "Luke's" Rhesa at this point in the genealogy. Ezra 1:8 (ASV)

"even those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah."

"Sheshbazzar" here is commonly thought to refer to Zerubbabel who would have been considered a Prince during the Exile. A different Hebrew word for "Prince" than the one used at 1:8 is "  ????? ".

Transliteration comparison: (right to left)

Hebrew       ?     ???     ?
English      n    za     Ra
Greek        ?     ?     ??   
English      a     s     Re   


Pretty close. Brown shows relatively little interest in "Luke's" genealogy compared to "Matthew" and does not address this possibility, that "Luke" mistakenly thought the title "Prince" for Zerubbabel was instead another name in the genealogy. ICC concludes that the title here was mistaken for a name but comically attributes the mistake to "Jewish copyists" rather than "Luke".


Here's famed Internet Apologist JP Holding's defense against the original abbreviated version of my claimed error (apparently he's reading this and was alerted to the problem at his site):

http://www.tektonics.org/uz/wally01.html

"Same dip, different day. See #5 above. Normal stuff, not an error."

JP Holding refers to a defense that the omission was intentional and an accepted literary convention of the time. In order for this supposed general defense to have any weight here, JP must present such an example in the Greek rather than Akkadieane or Hagarithic or Errorithmatic.

So in Summary, the evidence that "Matthew's" identification of Abiud as a son of Zerubbabel at 1:13 is an Error, ranked by weight of evidence is:

1) According to the Christian Bible itself Abiud was not one of the sons of Zerubbabel per 1 Chronicles 3:19.

2) Conjugations of the root "??????" (begat/gave birth to) of the word used by "Matthew", "?????????", is a relatively common word in the Christian Bible with 97 uses above. It is never used in the Christian Bible to describe a physical birth that skips a generation/generations.

3) BDAG and LSJ Lexicons give a primary meaning to "?????????" of immediate biological parent. BDAG specifically classifies the use in 1:2-20 as this meaning and neither show an example of "?????????" with skipped generations.

4) "Matthew" himself distinguishes between "son of" which can mean skipped generations and "begat" which means immediate generation.

5) There are many more examples of "Matthew's" problems with names in the genealogy.

1:4 "Aram" instead of "Ram".

1:5 Use of Rachab with an impossible chronology.

1:7 "Asaph" instead of "Asa".

1:8 Omission of "Ahaziah", "Joash", and "Amaziah".

1:10 "Amos" instead of "Amon".

1:11 Omission of "Jehoiakim".

6) The specific wording at the start and end of the genealogy and explict use of "14" indicates the Reader would understand that a complete Genealogy was being presented.

7) The necessity of transliteration of no longer used Hebrew names and resultant spelling variation and similar names would make it easier for names to be omitted unintentionally or intentionally.

8) The likely best parallel to compare "Matthew's" Genealogy too, Chronicles, appears to have intended to present a complete listing for the Davidic line.

9) We have no evidence that such omissions in Greek writings were the Rule rather than the exception.

10) Origen confesses to us that in his time the Greek manuscripts were filled with errors regarding Hebrew names. This would have been well before any extant manuscripts.

11) The Early Church Fathers make no mention of an intentional or even unintentional omission in "Matthew's" genealogy.

12) "Luke" sez that "Rhesa" was Zerubbabel's son at this point in the genealogy.


The evidence that "Matthew's" identification of Abiud as a son of Zerubbabel at 1:13 is not an Error, ranked by weight of evidence is:

1) Because JP Holding says so.


In my opinion, the weight of the Evidence above is that "Matthew's" identification of Abiud as a son of Zerubbabel at 1:13 is an Error. Let me also point out something for the benefit of Fundamentalists here. If you want to believe JP Holding that there is no error here than "Matthew's" use of a name at this point in the genealogy that was supported by Chronicles would still have been a better choice and therefore, the existing genealogy by "Matthew" is not "perfect".


Joseph

Con

Edit this section if you doubt error.

Neutral

Edit this section to note miscellaneous facts.

Brown has the following Footnote in The Birth Of The Messiah (Page 88):

"Johnson, Purpose, 179-80, points out that Matthew's post-exilic names from Abiud to Matthan do not occur in the Corpus Papyrorum Judaicarum and so are scarcely attested in the last centuries B.C."

Evidence that this part of the Genealogy is not Historical.

--JoeWallack 10:58, 18 Feb 2006 (CST)

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