and the stars shall be falling from heaven, and the powers that are in the heavens shall be shaken. (ASV)
The context for this verse reveals that Christ is describing events that will occur when He returns to gather believers and bring an end to the presently existing universe. We read:
24 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,
25 and the stars shall be falling from heaven, and the powers that are in the heavens shall be shaken.
26 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
27 And then shall he send forth the angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.
The verses imply nothing about Christ's perception of a solid dome covering the earth with the sun, moon, and stars attached to that dome and nothing can be concluded from that which Christ says. PRO does not provide any explanation for thinking otherwise. What Jesus describes is not necessarily a natural occurrence or arising from natural means but is likely a supernatural event. People will observe the sun become darkened causing the moon to stop reflecting light. In the darkness, the stars become more visible and are seen moving as if falling where no motion is normally observable. The effect is worldwide so from any point on the earth, the observer gains this impression. There is no reason to conclude that the stars are falling to earth. While we also read of the stars falling to the earth in Revelation, that is in the context of a vision where effects can be exaggerated in some manner for emphasize and would not necessarily represent a literal, physical event.
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