Luke 3:1

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Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, (ASV)


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"[T]he fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar" = 28/29 ce (for an alternative view, see The Antedating of the Reign of Tiberius Caesar).

Pontius Pilate was governor (prefect) of Judaea 26-36 ce, in which last year he was recalled by Tiberius to answer charges made against by Samaritans, whom he had attacked while they were assembled on Mount Gerizim, because an imposter had claimed that he could discover the sacred vessels, that Moses supposedly had hissen there. However, Tiberius died (37 ce), before Pilate reached Rome. For further info, see e.g. The Catholic Encyclopedia.

Herod Antipas was tetrarch of Galilee-Peraea 4 bce to 39 ce.

Philip was tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis 4 bce to 34 ce.

A Lysanias who had ruled some area in Syria is known from Flavius Josephus' Antiquities 20.7.1. However, that Lysanias had ruled 40-36 bce and was killed by Marc Antony. What Josephus mentions is that "Abila, which last had been the tetrarchy of Lysanias" was bestowed upon Herod Agrippa by emperor Claudius ca. 40 ce. See New Testament Parallels to the Works of Josephus. (Copied from with permission).

Herod Agrippa himself was king 37-44 ce. In 39 there was a controversy between Agrippa and Antipas, but emperor Gaius Caligula intervened and exiled Antipas, and his domiains were handed over to Agrippa. See for further details.

--FreezBee 04:55, 2 Feb 2006 (CST)

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