Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled. (ASV)
There is no documentation that Augustus ever ordered a census of the world.
Edit this section if you doubt error.
Just a minor note. The Greek text says "pasan ton oikoumenon", which translates to "all the inhabited". The original meaning of "oikoumene" was "the Greek-speaking world", but in the first century ce it would have meant "all the Roman empire". There is no evidence of such a census before 74 ce. Read e.g. . --FreezBee 08:23, 26 Jan 2006 (CST)