Genesis 1:11

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And God said, Let the earth put forth grass, herbs yielding seed, [and] fruit-trees bearing fruit after their kind, wherein is the seed thereof, upon the earth: and it was so. (ASV)

Pro

Then the following day he created the sun and the moon according to Genesis 1:14 and Genesis 1:16. Plants need the sun to photosynthesize, so there couldn't be plants prior to the sun.


Life on Earth did not begin with plants (non-photosynthetic microbes came first), and the specific plants mentioned evolved much later in the sequence: animal life in the seas preceded land plants, and grasses had not yet appeared when the dinosaurs vanished. --Robert Stevens 09:52, 15 Nov 2005 (CST)

Con

The Hebrew phrase ha'shamayim we ha'erets, "the heavens and the earth" means more than the sum of its parts, i.e. the whole universe. Thus, the text is claiming in verse 1:1 that God created the sun, the moon and the stars during the first yom.

In verse 2, the frame of reference changes to the surface of the earth, where the luminaries were not yet visible. Isn't this what our current cosmological understanding tells us about the early conditions of our planet?

On yom two, God makes the atmosphere translucent, "letting there be light". That would certainly make photosynthesis possible. Later on, He makes the atmosphere transparent, letting the heavenly bodies to shine down on earth and to be used for calculating times and seasons. Isn't this development also something that our current cosmological understanding tells us about the early conditions of our planet?

Please correct if I'm misinterpreting, but in later verses... Genesis 2:4-6 (NKJV)
This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground;
but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground
Of course it's always better to check with the original language/writing, but it seems to me that until this point, it wouldn't have mattered whether there was light or not, cause God had not watered the earth yet. Also, it's interesting as we read further...
Genesis 2:8 (NKJV)
The Lord God planted a garden...
Genesis 2:9 (NKJV)
And out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow... (referring to trees in the garden)
If you look at the creation account a little broader then each in individual part of it, you'll see that each part was in anticipation of the climax, creation of man. God was preparing the earth so man could have dominion over it. --Ymmotrojam 20:23, 3 Sep 2006 (CDT)

Neutral

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