1 Chronicles 3:19

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This item has been selected by Peter Kirby as a "Featured Pro Piece". The status of the claims made here, however, is up for debate.

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And the sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel, and Shimei. And the sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam, and Hananiah; and Shelomith was their sister; (ASV)


The Masoretic Text (and most English translations) has Padaiah as the father of Zerubabel, but in Haggai 1:1, Shealtiel is the father of Zerubabel. Also, the Septuagint and the New Testament (Matthew 1:12 and Luke 3:27) agree against Chronicles that Salathiel (Greek for Shealtiel) is the father of Zorobabel (Greek for Zerubabel).


That Zerubbabel was the son of Shealtiel is attested by Ezra, Nehemiah, and Haggai

"Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel,Â…" (Ezra 3:2)

"Now these are the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel,Â…" (Nehemiah 12:1)

"In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel,Â…" (Haggai 1:1)

Matthew agrees with these.

And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; (Matthew 1:12)

LukeÂ’s genealogy records what seems to be a different Zorobabel son of Salathiel because his Salathiel was the son of Neri and not Jechonias.

Â…which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri,Â… (Luke 3:27)

Matthew traces his genealogy through DavidÂ’s son Solomon while Luke traces his genealogy through DavidÂ’s son Nathan. While the father-son combination of Salathiel-Zorobabel appears in both, this may be attributed to the popularity of the names and does not lead to the conclusion that the same people were being identified in each genealogy.

1 Chronicles 3:19 identifies a Zerubbabel who was the son of Pedaiah. Pedaiah is identified as the brother of Shealtiel.

And the sons of Jeconiah wereÂ…Shealtiel his son,and Â…Pedaiah,Â… (1 Chronicles 3:17-18)

1 Chronicles ignores the lineage of Shealtiel and does not tell us who his sons were (and thus does not tell us that he had a son named, Zerubbabel). 1 Chronicles 3 then lists the sons of PadaiahÂ’s Zerubbabel and none of them are the Abiud listed in Matthew 1. This supports the conclusion that this Zerubbable is not the more famous son of Shealtiel.

As complicated as the genealogies are, we seem to have several individuals who were given the same name. There are two sons of Jeconias (or Jeconiah) named Shealtiel and Padaiah and each had a son whom he named Zerubbabel. Bible commentators have offered explanations for this Zerubbabel to be one person, but this does not have to be the case. 1 Chronicles 3 does not explain why it would focus on the lineage of the seemingly inconsequential Padaiah and not the more famous Shealtiel whose son Zerabbabel is prominent in Hebrew history (Ezra, Nehemiah, and Haggai). However, silence on this and incomplete information does not support a claim of error.


Edit this section to note miscellaneous facts.

It is possible that there is more than one person with the name Zerubabel

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